Appellations of Origin in the United States

This is part of a paper presented in Bordeaux, France during the 1984 Congress of the Association Internationale des Jeunes Avocats.  The paper was jointly written with Barbara Zak who wrote materials concerning the labelling regulations of the BATF.  Appellations of origin (often seen on wine labels as "appellation controllee) are common in Europe where a region is known for particular types of wines or cheeses and other products.  Usually a government affiliated  institution controls the quality of goods produced in the region.  It is not part of American culture.  Nevertheless, there are some regions where it is appropriate in the United States and the Lanham Act even has a section referencing the possibility of obtaining protection by states, municipalities and the like, in Section 4 of the Lanahm Act.