United States District Court, Central District of California

Local Rules

Rule Name:Chapter:Last Revised:
F.R.Civ.P. 7. Pleadings Allowed; Form of Motions (Effective 1/1/10)Chapter I: Local Civil Rules, Integrated with Titles of Federal Rules of Civil Procedure01/2010

F.R.Civ.P. 7. Pleadings Allowed; Form of Motions

L.R. 7-1 Stipulations. 1 Stipulations will be recognized as binding only when made in open court, on the record at a deposition, or when filed in the proceeding. Written stipulations affecting the progress of the case shall be filed with the Court, be accompanied by a separate order as provided in L.R. 52-4.1, and will not be effective until approved by the judge, except as authorized by statute or the F.R.Civ.P.

L.R. 7-2 Applicability. The provisions of this rule shall apply to motions, applications, petitions, orders to show cause, and all other proceedings except a trial on the merits (all such being included within the term “motion” as used herein) unless otherwise ordered by the Court or provided by statute, the F.R.Civ.P., or the Local Rules.

L.R. 7-3 Conference of Counsel Prior to Filing of Motions.2 In all cases not listed as exempt in L.R. 16-12, and except in connection with discovery motions (which are governed by L.R. 37-1 through 37-4) and applications for temporary restraining orders or preliminary injunctions, counsel contemplating the filing of any motion shall first contact opposing counsel to discuss thoroughly, preferably in person, the substance of the contemplated motion and any potential resolution. If the proposed motion is one which under the F.R.Civ.P. must be filed within a specified period of time (e.g., a motion to dismiss pursuant to F.R.Civ.P. 12(b), or a new trial motion pursuant to F.R.Civ.P. 59(a)), then this conference shall take place at least five (5) days prior to the last day for filing the motion; otherwise, the conference shall take place at least ten (10) days prior to the filing of the motion. If the parties are unable to reach a resolution which eliminates the necessity for a hearing, counsel for the moving party shall include in the notice of motion a statement to the following effect:

“This motion is made following the conference of counsel pursuant to L.R. 7-3 which took place on (date).”

L.R. 7-4 Motion Papers. The Court may decline to consider a motion unless it meets the requirements of L.R. 7-4 through 7-8. On the first page of the notice of motion and every other document filed in connection with any motion, there shall be included, under the title of the document, the date and time of the motion hearing, and the name of the judicial officer before whom the motion has been noticed. The notice of motion shall contain a concise statement of the relief or Court action the movant seeks.

L.R. 7-5 Moving Papers. There shall be served and filed with the notice of motion:

(a) A brief but complete memorandum in support thereof and the points and authorities upon which the moving party will rely; and

(b) The evidence upon which the moving party will rely in support of the motion.

L.R. 7-6 Evidence on Motions. Factual contentions involved in any motion and opposition to motions shall be presented, heard, and determined upon declarations and other written evidence (including documents, photographs, deposition excerpts, etc.) alone, except that the Court may, in its discretion, require or allow oral examination of any declarant or any other witness.

L.R. 7-7 Form and Content of Declarations. Declarations shall contain only factual, evidentiary matter and shall conform as far as possible to the requirements of F.R.Civ.P. 56(e).

L.R. 7-8 Presence of Declarants - Civil Cases.3 On motions for and orders to show cause re preliminary injunctions, motions to be relieved from default and other motions where an issue of fact is to be determined (e.g., civil contempt, but excluding motions contesting venue and personal jurisdiction), not later than fourteen (14) days prior to the hearing, a party desiring to cross-examine any declarant who is not beyond the subpoena power of the Court and who is reasonably available to the party offering the declaration may serve by hand (or facsimile or by electronic filing) and file a notice of request to cross-examine such declarant. If the party offering the declaration disputes that the declarant is within the subpoena power of the Court and reasonably available to the offering party, such party shall serve and file an objection to the notice of request to cross-examine not later than eleven (11) days prior to the hearing. The offering party shall be under no obligation to produce the declarant unless the Court has granted the request to cross-examine by written order not later than three (3) days prior to the hearing. No declaration of a declarant with respect to whom such a request has been granted shall be considered unless such declarant is personally present and available at the hearing for such cross-examination as the Court may permit. The Court may, in the alternative, order that the cross-examination be done by deposition taken on two (2) days’ notice with the transcript being lodged five (5) days prior to the hearing. The Court may impose sanctions pursuant to these Local Rules against any party or counsel who requests the presence of any declarant without a good-faith intention to cross-examine the declarant.

L.R. 7-9 Opposing Papers.4 Each opposing party shall, not later than ten (10) days after service of the motion in the instance of a new trial motion and not later than twenty-one (21) days before the date designated for the hearing of the motion in all other instances, serve upon all other parties and file with the Clerk either (a) the evidence upon which the opposing party will rely in opposition to the motion and a brief but complete memorandum which shall contain a statement of all the reasons in opposition thereto and the points and authorities upon which the opposing party will rely, or (b) a written statement that that party will not oppose the motion. Evidence presented in all opposing papers shall comply with the requirements of L.R. 7-6, 7-7 and 7-8.

L.R. 7-10 Reply Papers.5 A moving party may, not later than fourteen (14) days before the date designated for the hearing of the motion, serve and file a reply memorandum, and declarations or other rebuttal evidence. Absent prior written order of the Court, the opposing party shall not file a response to the reply.

L.R. 7-11 Continuance of Hearing Date.6 Unless the order for continuance shall specify otherwise, the entry of an order continuing the hearing of a motion automatically extends the time for filing and serving opposing papers and reply papers to twenty-one (21) days and fourteen (14) days, respectively, preceding the new hearing date. A stipulation to continue shall provide the date the opposition and reply papers are due to be filed with the Court.

L.R. 7-12 Failure to File Required Papers. The Court may decline to consider any memorandum or other paper not filed within the deadline set by order or local rule. The failure to file any required paper, or the failure to file it within the deadline, may be deemed consent to the granting or denial of the motion.

L.R. 7-13 Sanctions for Late Filing. A party filing any document in support of, or in opposition to, any motion noticed for hearing as above provided after the time for filing the same shall have expired, also shall be subject to the sanctions of L.R. 83-7 and the F.R.Civ.P.

L.R. 7-14 Appearances at Hearing. Counsel for the moving party and the opposing party shall be present on the hearing date and shall have such familiarity with the case as to permit informed discussion and argument of the motion. Failure of any counsel to appear, unless excused by the Court in advance pursuant to L.R. 7-15 or otherwise, may be deemed consent to a ruling upon the motion adverse to that counsel’s position.

L.R. 7-15 Oral Argument - Waiver.7 Counsel may, with the consent of the Court, waive oral argument. Counsel who have agreed to waive oral argument shall advise the court clerk of such agreement by no later than noon on the fifth day preceding the hearing date. The court clerk shall advise the parties by no later than noon on the court day preceding the hearing date as to whether the Court has consented to the waiver of oral argument. The Court may dispense with oral argument on any motion except where an oral hearing is required by statute, the F.R.Civ.P. or these Local Rules.

L.R. 7-16 Advance Notice of Withdrawal or Non-Opposition. Any moving party who does not intend to press the motion or who intends to withdraw it before the hearing date, any opposing party who does not intend to oppose the motion, and any party who intends to move for a continuance of the hearing of a motion shall, not later than noon on the Tuesday preceding the hearing date, notify opposing counsel and the court clerk.

L.R. 7-17 Resubmission of Motions Previously Acted Upon. If any motion, application or petition has been made to any judge of this Court and has been denied in whole or in part or has been granted conditionally or on terms, any subsequent motion for the same relief in whole or in part, whether upon the same or any allegedly different state of facts, shall be presented to the same judge whenever possible. If presented to a different judge, it shall be the duty of the moving party to file and serve a declaration setting forth the material facts and circumstances as to each prior motion, including the date and judge involved in the prior motion, the ruling, decision, or order made, and the new or different facts or circumstances claimed to warrant relief and why such facts or circumstances were not shown to the judge who ruled on the motion. Any failure to comply with the foregoing requirements shall be the basis for setting aside any order made on such subsequent motion, either sua sponte or on motion or application, and the offending party or attorney may be subject to the sanctions provided by L.R. 83-7.

L.R. 7-18 Motion for Reconsideration. A motion for reconsideration of the decision on any motion may be made only on the grounds of (a) a material difference in fact or law from that presented to the Court before such decision that in the exercise of reasonable diligence could not have been known to the party moving for reconsideration at the time of such decision, or (b) the emergence of new material facts or a change of law occurring after the time of such decision, or (c) a manifest showing of a failure to consider material facts presented to the Court before such decision. No motion for reconsideration shall in any manner repeat any oral or written argument made in support of or in opposition to the original motion.

L.R. 7-19 Ex Parte Application.8 An application for an ex parte order shall be accompanied by a memorandum containing, if known, the name, address, telephone number and e-mail address of counsel for the opposing party, the reasons for the seeking of an ex parte order, and points and authorities in support thereof. An applicant also shall lodge the proposed ex parte order.

L.R. 7-19.1 Notice of Application. It shall be the duty of the attorney so applying (a) to make a good faith effort to advise counsel for all other parties, if known, of the date, time and substance of the proposed ex parte application and (b) to advise the Court in writing of efforts to contact other counsel and whether any other counsel, after such advice, opposes the application or has requested to be present when the application is presented to the Court.

L.R. 7-19.2 Waiver of Notice. If the judge to whom the application is made finds that the interest of justice requires that the ex parte application be heard without notice (which in the instance of a TRO means that the requisite showing under F.R.Civ.P. 65(b) has been made), the judge may waive the notice requirement of L.R. 7-19.1.

L.R. 7-20 Orders on Motions and Applications. Any order lodged in connection with a motion or application must comply with L.R. 52.


1(7-1 amended, effective 1/1/10)
2(7-3 amended, effective 1/1/10)
3(7-8 amended, effective 1/1/08; amended, effective 1/1/10)
4(7-9 amended, effective 1/1/10)
5(7-10 amended, effective 1/1/10)
6(7-11 amended, effective 1/1/10)
7(7-15 amended, effective 1/1/10)
8(7-19 amended, effective 1/1/10)